central african republic problems

2015). Cordaid strengthens the health system by mainly using a results-based financing approach. Today, the institution continues to suffer from executive influence, as high-ranking officials disrespect court orders (FitW 2015). The country's remote location has impeded its development and the government's efforts to exert its authority, a trend that will continue to hold the Central African Republic back. Crisis Group: The Central African Crisis: From Predation to Stabilization, 17 June 2014. As a result, many of the state-owned business entities have been privatized and limited efforts have been made to standardize and simplify labor and investment codes and to address problems of corruption. After a government coup in 2013, political instability and widespread violence significantly undermined the rule of law. Under the Bozizé government (2003-2013), civil society was excluded from most political, societal, and economic processes. The government has no control over territory in the South West of the country, and armed groups engage in illegal logging activities (Global Witness, Jul. 2014). BANGUI, Central African Republic— The recent violence in the Central African Republic has plagued the nation and created an incredibly hostile environment. Corruption in the natural resource sector is a very high risk for companies operating in the CAR. 2015). Central African Republic like so many poor countries in Africa today, faces so many challenges including extreme poverty and hunger, poor education ( high illiteracy rate especially among girls), the deadly HIV/AIDS, natural hazards such as floods and desertification. ET) and continue Wednesday night on NBC … 2014). About 40% of the total population of Central African Republic lives in urban areas in major cities and towns such Bangui the capital ( and biggest city). There is no data available on corruption in the tax administration; however, in light of the conflict, the tax administration is often unable to fulfill its function, and armed groups frequently tax traders in an arbitrary manner (BTI 2016). Despite support from the local police and from various international bodies, companies should note that law enforcement is weak (Amnesty International, Feb. 2016). ranks 188 out of 188 countries on the United Nations Human Development Index. 2015). 2015). Companies routinely receive officials on weekends and give them drinks and bribes of around CFA 100,000 to 130,00 (EUR 150-200), in order to ensure relevant documents are signed, and official papers are up-to-date (Global Witness, Jul. However, the crisis in CAR has already lasted for a number of years and more than 18 months after the elections, fundamental proble… There is a very high risk of corruption in the judicial system. The time for obtaining, preparing, and submitting documents during port or border handling, plus customs clearance and inspection procedures averages 161 hours when exporting, and 74 when importing (DB 2016). The country gets 80 percent of its imports via a corridor linking the Cameroonian port, Douala to the capital, Bangui (Bloomberg, Feb. 2016). In 2013, Chinese citizens were arrested at the airport with gold and false documents issued by the mines ministry (Crisis Group, Jun. In addition to HIV/AIDS, other deadly diseases such as Malaria (One of Malaria killing zones), bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, dengue fever, rabies, typhoid fever, schistosomiasis, etc. The Central African Republic, a transition country with a very long period of institutional and political instability, now faces an infrastructure deficit, youth unemployment, high social inequalities, and weak human capacities. Although this literacy rate isn't the worst in Africa, this literacy rate falls far below expectation in Africa today. Although French remains the official language, there are several local and foreign languages spoken in Central Africa today (including Sangho [lingua franca] and national language). Furthermore, the chiefs that make up the rebel group Séléka sentence individuals in regions under their control without the legal mandate to do so (HRR 2015). U.S. Assistance to Central African Republic C.A.R. While problems persist, the education sector has had much to gain from the introduction of decentralisation policies. people’s efforts to find long-term stability and peace. In 2014, transitional leader Samba-Panza was implicated in a corruption scandal involving the embezzlement of more than CFA one billion (USD 2 million) of the funds provided by Angola for the transitional government, but the audit commission looking into the issue was abandoned (HRR 2014). We provide medical care, water and sanitation services, and protection for vulnerable women and girls. With the transitional government, the situation for media improved significantly, but outlets and journalists still find themselves caught between warring parties, and resort to self-censorship to avoid retaliation (FoP 2015). The weak rule of law limits the protection of private property (BTI 2016). Central African Republic remains one of the HIV/AIDS killing zones in Africa with an HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate of 4.7%. It is rich in diamonds, gold, oil and uranium but … On occasion, companies have gone into business with those in power. 2014). In Central African Republic (CAR), 1 million people have been displaced by ongoing sectarian conflict. The Central African Republic (C.A.R.) Central African Republic borders the Republic of Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, the Republic of South Sudan to the east, the Republic of Cameroon to the west and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the south. Unofficial traders and armed groups are key actors, and they try to control the most profitable networks (Crisis Group, Jun. Despite reports of irregularities, international observers reported the February 2016 presidential and legislative elections were free and fair. Although Central African Republic is a small country by population size, Central African Republic remains one of the most culturally rich countries in all of Africa with a beautiful blend of several cultures, ethnic and racial groups. Finally, those who are caught for attempted smuggling are rarely get prosecuted (Crisis Group, Jun. Cameroonian truck drivers report regularly to being asked for bribes at the border, and on the route (Bloomberg, Feb 2016). The female literacy rate is even worse. Washington Post: “Members of a U.N. peacekeeping force in the Central African Republic allegedly turned to sexual predation, betraying their duty to protect”, 27 February 2016. The New Yorker: “Elephant Watch”, 11 May 2015. In 2010, the National Committee to Fight Corruption provided a strategic document concerning the fight against corruption, but active efforts have been extremely limited (HRR 2014). If the amount is inferior to CFA 100.000, punishment ranges from two to ten years’ imprisonment. The ongoing conflict exacerbates the situation and has around 435,000 people displaced throughout the country (ICRC, Feb. 2016). 2015). However, the sectarian nature of the current conflict is relatively new. Central African Republic has female literacy rate of just 44.2% which is one of the worst literacy rates in Africa today. Bangui contains about 850,000 people. Central African Republic like so many poor countries in Africa today, faces so many challenges including extreme poverty and hunger, poor education ( high illiteracy rate especially among girls), the deadly HIV/AIDS, natural hazards such as floods and desertification. Poaching, deforestation, overgrazing, etc. Trade in and out of the CAR is restricted by limited infrastructure, and the landlocked position of the country (BTI 2016). Private businesses and civilians’ homes are regularly plundered and destroyed by militants on both sides of the conflict. Clientelism, racketeering, and bribery have especially high risks for companies operating in the logging sector (Global Witness, Jul. Malaria infects a large portion of the... HIV/AIDS: The CAR has one of the highest rates of HIV in Central and Western Africa. Baya the most dominant ethnic group makes up about 33% of the total population followed by Banda with 27%. Corruption is a high risk for land administration, and negatively affects the private sector (BTI 2016). 38% of children suffer from chronic malnutrition, while another 10% suffer from acute malnutrition. The Central African Republic is not a party to the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery but has ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption. At the same time, logging companies report to pay as much as CFA 150,000 to 200,000 from the forested area of CAR to Douala, Cameroon (Global Witness, Jul. Farmers grow cotton, coffee, and tobacco for export and crops for local markets, but economic development is handicapped by the CAR's landlocked position, limited infrastructure , and the low education of its work-force . The ongoing insecurity hinders freedom of assembly and significantly impairs nongovernmental organizations or unions from operating effectively (FitW 2015). Corruption is a very high risk for companies operating in the Central African Republic (CAR). Daha has about 4,000 inhabitants and is located less than 200 meters from the shared border with Chad. Businesses face high fees when acquiring public services or licenses (DB 2016). DAHA, Chad, 27 March 2009 – Since mid-February, over 7,500 refugees from the Central African Republic have arrived in Daha, after being displaced by violence. There is a high risk of corruption in the customs administration. 2014). Voters elected Faustin-Archange Touadera president in a February 2016 run-off. A Periphery of a Periphery Central African Republic Civil War (2012–present) At the heart of these problems is the Central African Republic's geography. Enforcing a contract takes businesses on average 660 days, and the cost in court and attorney fees amount to around 82 percent of the claim (DB 2016). 2015). Most recently, Central African Republic has witnessed several religious clashes especially between Christians and Muslims in the country. During the 2013 crisis, private companies suffered from insecurity and fell victim to looting, kidnapping, and damages to installations and offices (Crisis Group, … 2015). The Risk & Compliance Portal (formerly The Business Anti-Corruption Portal), is a free resource produced by GAN Integrity, a provider of all-in-one compliance software to help companies of all sizes manage regulatory and legal compliance. 61% of Central African refugees in the DRC are children. T he Central African Republic’s government decided to undertake wide-ranging state reforms in the 1990s, including a rewrite to the constitution to restructure strategic activities for the country’s development. SEFCA was in business with Ange-Félix Patassé, president between 1993 and 2003, by managing a concession of 652,000 hectares held by his logging company, La Colombe Forêt SN (Global Witness, Jul. The number of displaced people within the Central African Republic is much lower than at the peak of the violence in December and January, but the situation has become so … There is no data available on corruption in CAR’s public procurement; however, companies should note that pre-coup corruption was widespread, and the conflict is likely to have exacerbated the situation (ICS 2012). The Mandjias (an ethnic group) make up about 13% of the total population followed by the Saras with 10%. Logging companies commonly provide gifts to new political leaders when government changes occur, reportedly these include freezers or envelopes with cash of CFA five to 10 million (Global Witness, Jul. Bribery by local companies of foreign officials and bribery by foreigners of local officials are rarely punished (ICS 2012). The police do not have authority over all parts of the country (BTI 2016). 2014). Central African Republic has a total land area of about 622,984sq.km (about 2.9% of which is arable or land good for farming) and a population of about 5.2 million people with the population growth rate around 2.1%. More than half of the country's 4.9 million population rely on humanitarian assistance. Violence has increased throughout the Central African Republic, particularly between Seleka factions in the central regions and between rebels and anti-balaka militias in … Logging goes largely unchecked, and inspections are often paid for by the logging companies themselves (Global Witness, Jul. The legal framework regarding anti-corruption is inadequate and not enforced. Despite a peace and reconciliation agreement signed in February 2019, there are still about 600,000 internally displaced people in the Central African Republic due to armed conflict and insecurity. Corruption when acquiring public services is a comparatively low risk, as the state fails to deliver basic public services. Reportedly, Séléka groups set up informal roadblocks between the Cameroonian border and Bangui, extorting CFA 20,000 (EUR 30) from bypassing trucks (Global Witness, Jul. The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world's poorest countries. However, despite the abundance of natural resources, Central African Republic remains one of the poorest countries in the world today and among the 10 poorest countries in Africa. The Central African Republic is currently one of the world’s most serious humanitarian crises.The resurgence of violence since the end of 2017 has further exacerbated the humanitarian needs of already vulnerable communities and triggered massive population displacements. The widespread conflict within the country and the succession of several rebel movements has meant that the state does not have a monopoly on the use of force, and local security forces. 2014). The Human Development Index ranked it 188 of 189 countries (52 in Africa) in 2018. CAR has ratified the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, but efforts to curtail corruption are minimal. Political conflicts especially between the Government of the Central African Republic and the Séléka (which means "Union" in the Sango language), a coalition of rebel groups, many of whom were previously involved in the Central African Republic Bush War. The International Rescue Committee has assisted CAR throughout its current crisis despite the high risk to aid workers. The police do not have authority over all parts of the country (BTI 2016). The Central African Republic (CAR) is a presidential republic. Cordaid in Central African Republic Health care. require humanitarian assistance. continue to tear the country into pieces. In May 2016, Crisis Group warned against over-optimism after regular elections were held in the Central African Republic (CAR). 2015). Traditional believers make about 35% of the total population. Central African Republic Central African Republic has been in turmoil since a violent takeover of power in 2013. Nearly half of all Central Africans are under the age of 14 years. The rate is at 4.9% and is one of... Cholera: In 2016, the … Just like in most other African countries, most of the leaders and political figures in Central African Republic today are very corrupt and inexperienced. The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias. The NBC reports on the Central African Republic crisis begin Wednesday morning on the Today show (which starts airing at 7 a.m. Central African Republic has lost its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges in the world due mainly to poaching and deforestation. Malaria: The mosquito-spread disease is endemic to the Central African Republic. The CAR’s population is primarily split between into two regions : most of the country’s minority Muslim population inhabits the Sahel, while the majority Christian community is located mainly in the savanna. 2015). Smuggling is very common, especially between Cameroon and Sudan (Crisis Group, Jun. The CAR Penal Code (in French) criminalizes passive and active bribery, undue benefits, embezzlement, abuse of office, favoritism and the offer, promise, or solicitation of gifts. Another private operator reportedly had arrangements with customs officers to allow the transportation of diamonds (Crisis Group, Jun. 2015). One nation, two peoples CAR is home to both Muslim and Christian communities. Corruption levels remains at all time high while poor governance continues to tear the beautiful country of Central African Republic into pieces. Greater part of the population lives in rural areas mostly as subsistence farmers who grow crops and rear animals just to feed themselves and their families. In return, the officials protect or defend companies at ministerial meetings (Global Witness, Jul. However, despite what the outside world may think, children in the Central African Republic are more likely to die from hunger than from a … In the absence of government control, public funds are frequently misappropriated; the special forest tax fund CAS-DF is known to be used by ministers to cover their travels abroad (Global Witness, Jul. The aftermath saw widespread violence as armed … Although Catholics and Protestants together make about 50% of the total population, animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority. Central African Republic just like its neighboring countries is blessed with abundance of natural resources such as diamond, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower, etc. Almost 3 million people residing in the C.A.R. The Central African Republic is a GPE partner country But the Central African Republic is one of 59 developing country partners of the Global Partnership for Education. Ever since gaining its independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic has been plagued with political instability, underdevelopment, and waves of violent conflict. Gems, Warlords and Mercenaries: Russia’s Playbook in Central African Republic After meddling in the 2016 American election, Russia is using similar tactics in the Central African Republic. The institution lacks resources, functions inefficiently, and has poorly trained staff (BTI 2016). Additionally, reports of abuse of function by peacekeepers are widespread, and often involve extortion in exchange for food or basic services (Washington Post, Feb 2016). Corruption in the police force is a high risk for businesses operating in the Central African Republic. For indeed many felt that the clear victory of Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the second round of the presidential election, in February 2016, marked a decisive step out of crisis. ranks second to last in the 2018 Human Development Index, with around 79 percent of the country’s 4.7 million population estimated to be living in poverty. It has been troubled by unrest for years, but since May 2017, fresh and fierce clashes between armed groups have wrought increasing suffering, deaths and destruction of property. The widespread conflict within the country and the succession of several rebel movements has meant that the state does not have a monopoly on the use of force, and local security forces. Do not travel to the Central African Republic due to COVID-19, Embassy Bangui’s limited capacity to provide support to U.S. citizens, crime, civil unrest, kidnapping, and elections. Companies are strongly recommended to use a specialized due diligence tool on public procurement in order to mitigate corruption risks associated with public procurement in the Central African Republic. In 2017, over 18,000 Central Africans fled to Chad, making it the biggest influx of Central African refugees to Chad since 2014. Central African Republic has a literacy rate of 56.6% for the total population which implies about 56.6% of all Central Africans above the age 15 can at least read and write. Insufficient nourishment often leads to dietary deficiencies as well as growth problems Logging permits are often obtained per collusion with officials. We are improving the quantity and quality of health services provided to 1,638,000 Central Africans (1,227,366 consultations and 61,917 assisted births in 2017). Pre-coup corruption was already a problem, but the ongoing insecurity has further exacerbated corruption, which in turn perpetuates the fragility of the state. Investors should be aware that bribery and extortion are pervasive throughout the country, and impunity is a severe problem. The rebels accused the government of President François Bozizé of failing to abide by peace agreements signed in 2007 and 2011. Corruption in the police force is a high risk for businesses operating in the Central African Republic. By increasing food security and growing the agricultural sector of its economy, the government of the Central African Republic can … Strengthening Peacekeeping in Central African Republic, Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 2015, Blood Timber: How Europe played a significant role in funding war in the Central African Republic, Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 2014. International Committee of the Red Cross: “Displaced in the Central African Republic: Between a rock and a hard place”, 29 February 2016. Today, SEFCA employs as its legal representative, Nicolas Tiangaye, Prime Minister under Séléka President Michel Djotodia, and also a potential candidate in the next presidential elections (Global Witness, Jul. With the lack of official service administration, the illegal economy prospers, and smuggling is widespread (Crisis Group, Jun. Sustainable agriculture in the CAR will help make that journey shorter. Impunity is a problem in the conflict-torn country, undermining attempts to curb corruption (HRW 2016). Apart from logging, poaching is a high risk in the CAR (The New Yorker, May 2015). Registering property takes investors on average 75 days (DB 2016). Especially during the civil war, wild animals were poached, sometimes in collusion with state officials (BTI 2016). 2014). During the 2013 crisis, private companies suffered from insecurity and fell victim to looting, kidnapping, and damages to installations and offices (Crisis Group, Jun. The number of cases of sleeping sickness is increasing. Of note, 370,000 of these children … Bloomberg: “Cameroon Truckers Plying Corridors to Chad, Bangui Plan Strike”, 11 February 2016. Over the past two years, the United States has provided over $300 million of humanitarian, development, and security assistance in support of the C.A.R. 2015). The Central African Republic (CAR) is one such state, having wavered in and out of conflict since its independence from France in 1960. Before the coup, corruption and political influence were pervasive in the judiciary (FitW 2015). Due to poverty, families do not have the means to suitably feed their children. For civilians, this is filled by humanitarian aid agencies, or not at all (BTI 2016). Other ethnic groups include the Mboum (7% of the total population), M'Baka (4% of the total population), Yakoma (4% of the total population), the rest (2% of the total population). United Nations Convention Against Corruption, specialized due diligence tool on public procurement, United Nations Convention against Corruption, Transformation Index – Central African Republic 2016, Mandated to Protect, Equipped to Succeed? Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel. 171,966 Central African refugees reside in camps in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Central African Republic remains one of the conflict prone zones in Africa with several clashes every now and then. The Central African Republic (CAR) has been unstable since its independence from France in 1960. More than 80 per cent of the displaced persons are women and children. Muslims make up just about 15% of the total population. The Central African Government is currently in the process of … Central African Republic remains one of the very few countries in Africa today where traditional African belief system (or voodoo) reigns supreme. In the Central African Republic, malnutrition remains a serious problem. Low productivity, weak markets and high gender inequality are all contributing factors, made worse by recurrent cycles of political crisis … remain some of the major environmental issues facing Central African Republic today. Malaria, leprosy, tuberculosis, nutritional diseases, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted diseases are major health concerns in the country. The Central African Republic has a long journey on the road to recovery. Diamonds make up around 50 percent of the country’s export earnings, but largely circumvents official channels (FitW 2015). Embezzlement or misappropriation of public funds carries a sentence of hard labor if the embezzled funds exceed CFA 100.000. The 2016 constitution established a The key transit route has been rehabilitated in 2014, and several border checks have been put in place during 2015 (DB 2016). More than 130000 were living with HIV/AIDS in 2012 with about 11,000 deaths recorded within the same year. With livestock and land destroyed, the agricultural economy, and the livelihood of 75 percent of the population has come to a halt (FitW 2015). Central African Republic is a landlocked country located at the central part of Africa (almost the precise center of Africa). Acute malnutrition Africa, this is filled by humanitarian aid agencies, or at. 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